Prepared for the groups by consultancy Ecotec, the study evaluated both immediate costs of different waste management options and costs of environmental externalities, such as transport and materials extraction. It concludes that "actual costs of recycling per household are lower than current figures suggest, and that the environmental benefits appear greater than those for landfill or incineration," according to Waste Watch. Both groups acknowledge the difficulties of estimating precise environmental externality costs.
Based on overall costs, the study suggests that approximately doubling the two countries' current recycling rate to 21% and landfilling the balance would be the best option. Recycling the same proportion and incinerating the rest comes out slightly less well. Landfilling or incinerating all waste both show much positive overall costs.
Please enter your details
Not a subscriber?
Take a free trial now to discover the critical insights and updates our coverage offers subscribers.