Various steps can and should be taken to reduce negative impacts of environmental taxes on the poor, according to a report from British charity the Joseph Rowntree foundation. Flat-rate taxes or charges on energy, water and waste tend to hit low-income households hardest, it notes. It recommends non-flat rate taxes or parallel compensation schemes to reduce this effect, as well as action to tackle underlying causes, such as energy inefficient buildings. The study's headline recommendation on climate change is to introduce tradable quotas in household transport CO2 emissions. See report summary.
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