UN climate talks in Bonn next week will be expected to grasp the nettle of how countries will measure, report and verify their emissions, so all countries can be confident that actions to cut carbon are clear and comparable when the Paris Agreement comes into force in 2020.
Progress on the issue is high up the shopping list of what EU negotiators want from COP23, which along with next year's meeting in Katowice is tasked with agreeing rules for the carbon reduction plans. These are known in UN-jargon as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).
Please enter your details
Not a subscriber?
Take a free trial now to discover the critical insights and updates our coverage offers subscribers.