Prepared by the Swiss National Science Foundation, the study recommends new parking taxes in areas used by tourists to cover external costs of motoring and stronger promotion of public transport to provide alternatives to private car use, principally through subsidies to cut ticket prices. It also calls for a new benchmark for car fuel efficiency of five litres per 100 kilometres - a Swiss NGO recently claimed that an existing agreement on improving average car fuel efficiency was not working (ENDS Daily 21 July).
The study is a part of a more general national research programme on transport and environment, commissioned by the federal government. Its proposals are non-binding. In March, Swiss voters rejected a move to require a halving of traffic levels by 2010 (ENDS 13 March), following an appeal by the government.
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