The report provides an overview of traditional resource management theories plus new theories promoting "dematerialisation," or using fewer natural resources to create the same standard of product or service. These include Factor 4, Factor 10 and eco-efficiency. The report also considers how environmental impacts of natural resource use can be measured, valued and accounted for.
New theories on how to make "the use of natural capital sustainable" must be implemented by European policymakers, say the authors, who argue in favour of the internalisation of environmental and social costs of goods and services into their final prices.
European Commission, tel: +32 2 299 1111. See also the full report: Analysis of the fundamental concepts of resource management.
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