In most respects, Swedish rules on car scrapping already meet the forthcoming EU requirements. The basic legal framework was introduced as long ago as 1975, and in 1998 the government set waste recovery targets slightly tougher than those in the directive and introduced producer responsibility provisions (ENDS Daily 27 October 1997).
The government is now seeking full implementation of EU law by extending producer responsibility to cars marketed before 1998, for which producers will have to pay 50% of scrapping costs. Other amendments designed to implement the directive include prohibition of some heavy metals in car manufacture from 2003.
The proposal is also intended to improve the functioning of national rules on car scrapping in other ways. The government is proposing that all car scrapping facilities should be required to obtain operating licences to ensure high environmental standards. The Swedish environmental protection agency will get extra regulatory powers to police the system.
Measures are also proposed to reduce the number of cars being dumped by their owners rather than delivered to scrapping facilities, following a significant growth in this problem in the last few years. Owners or landowners will now be able to claim SKr1,500 (euros 173) from a state fund for delivering dumped vehicles to scrapping yards.
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