Demand side energy efficiency measures in Germany could cut electricity and gas use by some 10%, yielding carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions reductions of up to 13.5m tonnes a year by 2010, according to a study just published by economics think-tank the Wuppertal institute.
While inefficiencies on the supply side, such as over-capacity, are addressed by market liberalisation, free competition does not ensure an environmentally friendly energy system, argue the report's authors.
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