The European Commission should propose a new framework directive outlining minimum requirements for environmental product (type III) declarations or EPDs, an extensive report ordered by the EU executive has recommended. EPDs are product profiles that use life cycle analysis to provide an environmental assessment of individual goods. They offer an alternative to other forms of ecolabelling in assisting green procurement practices.
EPDs and related schemes already exist in a number of sectors: industry body Cefic's product stewardship programme for the chemicals sector, and Volvo's use of EPDs on its vehicles are just two examples. At country level, Sweden is one of the most advanced with two formalised EPD schemes, while others such as Denmark, France and Norway are at the draft stage.
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