The world's nations should adopt standard rules for carbon accounting to make their emission reduction pledges transparent and comparable, according to researchers behind a 'climate action tracker' launched in Durban on Tuesday.
Areas in which national pledges vary – and are sometimes unclear – include the baseline against which reductions will be compared, use of surplus emissions reduction credits from the first Kyoto Protocol commitment period and accounting rules for land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF), and forest management.
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