The EU Commission's move on Wednesday to label palm oil-based biofuels as unsustainable was welcomed by environmentalists as a milestone in the fight against deforestation, although they warned of a potential for 'misuse' of exemptions.
The delegated act, attached to the revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) defines biofuels that are at a high risk of causing 'indirect land-use change' (ILUC) as those whose share of expansion onto forested land surpasses 10% of the production area. It caps their use at 2019 levels before phasing them out from 2023-30.
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