The EU's evolving large combustion plant sector in 3 charts

In 2017, four countries — Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom and Poland - accounted for more than half of the total large combustion plant operating capacity across the EU, figures show.

There are more than 3,500 large combustion plants (LCPs) in the EU-28, according to European Environment Agency (EEA) data charting the evolution of the sector across the bloc since 2004. LCPs include power plants, steel works and district heating plants, the agency says.

Fall in number of very large LCPs continues

According to the EEA, 3,664 LCPs were reported on under the scope of the Industrial Emissions Directive (2010/75/EU) in 2017, a 27% increase since 2004. However, this increase occurred mostly between 2004 and 2010 and between 2012 and 2015 the number of LCPs declined, the figures show. An increase between 2015 and 2016 is likely to be due to a "slightly wider" scope of reporting following a change of legal regime in 2016, when the IED replaced Directive 2001/80/EC, the EEA says. Numbers of very large LCPs (greater than 500 MWth) have been declining year-on-year since 2012, the EEA's figures show.

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