In Germany, the final trajectory of the coal phase-out raises the emission reduction challenge for transport, said Claudia Kemfert from the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW). She estimated that the government may have to fork out €5-10bn on emission reduction certificates for missing its EU-set national climate target for 2030.
“We're almost entirely dependent on biofuels to decarbonise transport right now,” Kemfert stressed.
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