EU court raps Italy twice over nature rules
Italy has been condemned by the European court of justice in two separate cases for poor transposition of the EU's 1979 wild birds directive, and the1992 habitats directive. In both cases the court ruled that Italy had failed to designate adequate special protection areas (SPAs). In transposing the habitats directive, Italy had not even imposed any obligation on the relevant authorities to designate SPAs, it agreed. In its defence for the latter case, Italy said it was intending to amend legislation in response to complaints brought by the European Commission. See C-378/01 and C-143/02.
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